The ZFE in Bordeaux should only threaten diesel cars

ZFE should allow to reduce the pollution associated with the movement of vehicles. (©News Bordeaux / Jonas Denis)

outlines of low emission zone (ZFE) get in shape Bordeaux. If the public consultation should continue until the middle of 2023, the President of the Metropolis waited for his assessment and this Wednesday, January 11, 2023 moved forward on the scenario that should be kept and implemented from 2024. First year of pedagogy before transitioning to verbalization in 2025.

Considering the current economic context, as well as the initial opinion of the general public, Alain Anziani and the elected officials of the capital initially (for how long?)prohibit access to the ring road – forming ZFE – only for Crit’Air 4, 5 and unclassified vehicles.

Economy hinders ecology

Roughly speaking, The ban will only affect diesel vehicles registered before 2006. After that, all others will be allowed to drive in the low emission zone (diesel vehicles registered since 2006, gasoline, hybrid, electric, gas, hydrogen, bioethanol).

Crit'Air vignettes
Crit’Air vignettes (©certificat-air.gouv.fr)

We knew that from the beginning arbitration will be conducted around the Crit’Air sticker 3, As in many other cities in France. Claudine Bichet, vice-president of Bordeaux Métropole in charge of the file, recalled in an article.news.fr In March 2022Banning Crit’Air 3 vignettes in the ZFE would reduce nitrogen dioxide emissions by almost a factor of four and fine particulate emissions by a factor of three. (Based on Girondin car fleet figures in 2022).

It is not surprising that the elected official – Pierre Hurmic’s right-hand man at Bordeaux city hall – took precedence at the time when choosing the most environmentally friendly solution to the climate emergency and natural disasters. 150 annual deaths related to fine particle pollution in the Bordeaux metropolitan area. Inflation weighing on households in early January 2023 – and slowing the ability to invest in a new car – prompts him to say he needs to “buy time”.

Worried about 5% of the metropolitan car park?

He plans to trade in or replace his car, knowing that many people are afraid that ZFE is not expected in their budget: “There is a huge lack of communication. The device is unknown or misunderstood by the general public. »

Alain Anziani is on the same wavelength, repeating his fear of a “yellow vest” type social movement if the ZFE becomes too restrictive. “Besides the environmental problem, it is a health problem because our life span is reduced due to pollution, he said. But we must also act in the interest of the population. »

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Metropolis’s services anticipate this, saving Crit’Air 3 In 2025, only 5% of the city’s car fleet will be affected by the ring road ban. and on trend we would be around 1% in 2028.

Resupply, a sector to be developed

To reach these conclusions, it is enough to look at the evolution of the car park in the metropolis of Bordeaux. in 1er In January 2022, there were 29,612 Crit’Air 4, 5 or unclassified cars out of a total of 437,677 cars (ie about 7%), although that was 5,000 more than the previous year (34,858 in 1).er January 2021).

On the other hand, if we take the whole Gironde, the share of Crit’Air 4 or 5 and unclassified cars is larger. (85,921 of the 987,913 vehicles or about 9%) and above all, the vehicle fleet of the department is renewed less quickly than in the Bordeaux metropolitan area.

“It’s about the department’s social issues,” said the Bordeaux Métropole manager. In summary, In areas with higher poverty, drivers cannot afford new cars.

Too many cancellations kill cancellations

Admittedly, not all of these cars are designed to enter Bordeaux’s inner ring road, but the Metropolis’ elected officials know that If they want EPZ to be accepted by the population, ecology should not come before economy.

Also, it is important that the device is clear. In some big cities like Strasbourg, a number of derogations allow drivers to circumvent the ban but they are so numerous that the measurement becomes unreadable. Worse, the low-emission zone of the Grand Est metropolis is threatened by the appeal.

“We are already inspired by what is done in other cities, but a fair balance must be found between aid and concessions”Claudine Bichet reacts to this.

Utilities, a difficult subject

The opposition group Métropole Commune(s) sought inspiration from Toulouse and set an annual downgrade pass (with 12 permits against 52 in the pink city), claiming that many artisans or sedentary traders coming to the markets would be stranded at the entrance to the Bordeaux conurbation.

For her part, Claudine Bichet prefers to help by focusing on her professionals an improvement that converts a combustion engine into an electric motor. “We would like to move the sector forward,” he said.

In fact, the issue of commercial vehicles is a difficult topic in the ZFE dossier because 16% of the Girondin fleet is classified Crit’Air 4 or 5 and will not be classified in 2022. (10% for Metropolitan park) and park renewal is not as fast as in car.

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