bonuses, fines, ZFE, charging stations…

The new year is approaching. 2023 will bring its share of changes for drivers. Automobile-Propre presents the first round of good news…and less good news.


Electric vehicles: €7,000 super bonus for half of the French…

Emmanuel Macron announced this on the sidelines of the Mondial de l’Auto. The bonus for the purchase of an electric vehicle will be strengthened for half of households and will increase from €6,000 to €7,000. If no clarification has been made since then, it should be distinguished as a scrap bonus.

EUR 7,000 should be given to households in the top five income deciles, i.e. those with a reference tax income of up to EUR 14,100 per unit. It also remains to be seen whether the cap on the price of the car to take advantage of the maximum bonus will remain at €47,000 or be reduced.

… but a lower bonus for others?

The problem with the bonus is that its terms are determined by decree, often published the day before the rules go into effect. Therefore, the rest of the bonus amounts remain uncertain. But according to the last published decree, the reduction in the bonus should be applied on January 1, 2023! So, for those who are not eligible for the 7000 euro bonus, the aid may drop from 6000 euro to 5000 euro! And for cars priced above €47,000, the €2,000 subsidy can drop to €1,000. This should also be the end of the bonus on plug-in hybrids.

Electric car €100 per month

This is Emmanuel Macron’s campaign promise: to offer the most modest electric car for 100 euros a month. Again, the implementation of this measure is complicated, with current production it is impossible to do without such a contribution! The presentation of the device, subject to negotiations with manufacturers, banks and the state, has been postponed for this reason. It is now marked for the current year 2023.


Hybrids: Note the increased penalty

2023 penalty if 2023 bonus not known. It’s been like this for two years now, the government has set a trajectory over several years with gradual tightening. It’s quite simple: again, the trigger threshold will be reduced by 5 grams of CO2. So for cars registered from January 1, 2023, it will be 123g/km.

The table of sums is therefore advanced five “notches”. The models that got away with the penalty will no longer be the same, and the ones that are already penalized will be more. This obviously does not apply to electrics and indeed plug-in hybrids. On the other hand, be wary of some simple hybrids, especially family SUVs.

Note that the weight penalty will not change in 2023, which will always reserve electric and plug-in hybrids.


Script bonus boost

Currently, those who live or work in an EPZ are paid a scrap supplement of up to €1,000… if the local authority pays a subsidy in addition to the state’s. This condition will be removed in 2023. It is clear that the scrap premium will be increased by €1,000 for those affected by the ZFE.

Zero interest loan

In addition, the zero-interest loan for households living or working in ZFEs will be tested again. It is to help pay off the remaining amount due after deducting the interest, bonus or scrap premium. The credit will be reserved for people with a reference taxable income of up to €14,000 for cars with 50 g/km CO2 within a purchase price limit of €45,000. Individuals will be able to request a loan of up to 30,000 euros (for a rental agreement it will be 10,000 euros) repayable within 7 years from banks that have signed an agreement with the State.

Stricter rules

Note that on January 1, 2023, many cities will tighten their ZFE regulations. Crit’Air 5 and unclassified (after one year of pedagogy) will be banned in Strasbourg and Montpellier. On the Lyon side, these vehicles have been banned since September, but January 1 will mark the start of the ban. In Toulouse, Crit’Air 4, 5 and unclassified cars will be banned at once. Crit’Air 4 in Reims will be added.

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All highways will be equipped

In February 2021, a decree obliged highway concessionaires to install a charging station in all service areas by January 1, 2023. That is, in the areas where the station is located – the essence. The decree implements at least four terminals with a focus on fast charging. If there are more terminal openings in 2022, the January 1 deadline will not be met. The companies expect to reach the current target by 2023. But in the meantime, companies have become aware of the development of the electric car market and the growing need for terminals. Thus, Vinci promises 7-8 terminals per area.

Therefore, it helps to develop a territorial network of fast charging stations, highway companies call specialists in this genre, especially Fastned, which has started to make a breakthrough in the west of the country.

A milestone of 100,000 public terminals

In general, the network of charging points will continue to develop, whether on roads, in retail car parks or in front of service stations. The government has also provided new aid to finance the installation of high-speed terminals at rural stations. As of October 31, there were 75,000 charging points open to the public, down from just under 54,000 at the end of December 2021. If the pace of openings continues, the number of terminals should reach 100,000 by mid-2023.


End of discount at the pump

As for other fuels (so we can also talk about LPG), the government will end the discounts at the pump. The discount already melted in mid-November, falling from 30 cents to 10 cents. On January 1, it will drop from 10 cents to 0 cents. At that time, E85 could go up to 1 euro per liter. However, unleaded will remain attractive!

Extended conversion help

The government refuses to create a national push for vehicle conversion (its gesture is already a lucrative tax per liter at the pump). Therefore, local authorities took it upon themselves to provide assistance. In particular, Ile-de-France will extend its €500 subsidy in 2023. Assistance is currently also available in the Hauts-de-France, Grand-Est and South region (formerly PACA).

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Help get started

At the launch of the Vigilance Plan in early October, the government announced it was working on help to encourage car use. The idea is to give a bonus to any new carpooler who signs up on the platform. Although nothing has been confirmed since then, it is believed that this measure will come into effect from the beginning of 2023.

Watch out for speed cameras!

More and more cities are creating dedicated lanes on major roads leading into the city center. Radars are currently being tested to monitor compliance. And because of this, it can lead to automatic verbalization of those who take this route without a passenger! The said radar can find out the number of people on board thanks to body temperature.


Motorways: Fear of increased prices on February 1

Fees are reviewed every February 1st. And we should expect a very strong increase due to inflation in 2023, for which the highway companies may exceed 70% of the rate excluding tobacco. The government is trying to negotiate to limit the damage, but prices could rise by around 5%.

Insurance: the end of the green sticker

Your car’s windshield will lose an element that has been mandatory since 1986: the little green square that proves your car is insured. The government has confirmed that this commitment will expire in 2023. As the police had access to the file of insured vehicles, this vignette was no longer necessary. Removing it will save paper!

Spare parts: the beginning of market liberalization

This is a long overdue promise. In January 2023, manufacturers’ monopoly on spare parts should be ended, at least partially. For visible items (optics, bodywork, mirrors), the original equipment manufacturer may sell the item directly. On the glass side, there is complete openness to competition. Goal: reduce car repair costs.

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