“Replacing a thermal vehicle with an electric one is much more complicated than replacing a thermal model with a thermal one,” says Olivier Valenchon, deputy head of the mobility mission, which manages and monitors light vehicle fleets of public services (excluding the Police). and Gendarmerie), i.e. a total of 69,000 vehicles, of which 7% (about 5,000) have already been electrified. “This is the result of more than eight years of electrification of the park. But this year we are not reaching the 50% renewal of low-emission vehicles (VFE, less than 50g CO2/km), the regulatory target for our fleets (see box below). Because if we have a lot of vehicles on order, a lot are not delivered,” Olivier Valenchon blames the delivery times.
2021 – 2022: electricity in the public sector decreases
Be it public services, public institutions or local authorities, the pace of electrification “slowed down at the end of 2021 and 2022″, confirms Olivier Rougetet, head of vehicle marketing at Ugap, the main purchasing center for public fleets. In 2021, this manager “observed real dynamics, while 36% of Ugap’s total sales belonged to VFEs. This year, this figure will be between 30-35%. We are witnessing stagnation,” he continues.
There are many reasons for this situation. “The situation is related to a certain number of shortages, especially of semiconductors, which leads to extended delivery times. Therefore, there are few cars available, including electric models. Then, in the context of high inflation, fleet managers think about the number of vehicles they can acquire with a limited budget,” justifies Olivier Rougetet.
This power shortage situation is not limited to public sector parks. Olivier Rougetet adds: “The car market has decreased by 10-15% and the share of low-emission cars does not exceed 16-17%, against 15% last year.” However, with more than 30% of VFE purchases, “the public sector is still the driving force,” this Ugap official said. Public LLD, a subsidiary of Arval France specialized in public sector markets and the social and solidarity economy, even registers a lower figure in renewals. “Electric vehicles account for 9.5% of renewals and hybrids for 24.5%, of which around half are plug-in hybrids, which is around 22% of VFE – simple hybrids are not part of it,” he said. this is noted by Frédéric Quintin, sales director of the Ugap supplier. LLD cars.
Effect of delivery times
Fleet company Fatec, which received a fleet management contract from Ugap to manage vehicle maintenance and manage and optimize the fleets of its public customers, also points to a delay in upgrades and therefore electrification. Jean-Guilhem de Lanlay mentions the delay related to “delivery times, but also budget constraints for the purchase of vehicles or the installation of terminals”. This key account sales representative of Fatec oversees public fleets and thus manages 17,000 light vehicles, mainly in local authorities.
About 1,000 cars in this fleet are electric and 200 are plug-in hybrids, which is 7% of electrified cars. “But the numbers are increasing rapidly. A year ago, there were only 700 electric models in our fleet,” continues Jean-Guilhem de Lanlay. “However, public fleets will struggle to meet clean car renewal goals this year,” notes this manager.
Observation shared by Olivier Rougetet for Ugap. In addition to VFE renewal quotas, public fleets, like companies, also face the introduction of low-emission mobility zones (ZFE-m). “While these public fleets, mostly for purchase, are aging, ZFE encourages renewals, except for Crit’air 5, later 4 and 3 vehicles. For state and public institutions, the rule of 30% or 50% of VFE is applied. This accelerates electrification, says Jean-Guilhem de Lanlay for Fatec. The average age of the vehicles we drive is seven years, but due to these limitations associated with ZFEm, this trend is downward. »
During my ZFE…
The change in fleets subject to ZFE-m is obvious. “However, when we take a vehicle from 36 to 48 months at LLD, it will be set aside while ZFE-m regulations are being tightened to account for delivery times,” warns Frédéric Quintin for Public LLD. This rationale is more valid for acquired and less updated cars.
Hervé Fucard, head of the technical department of municipal road transport for the city of Paris, said that he is convinced that the transition of parks from the public sector to vehicles is urgent, as his vehicles move in the ZFE-ms of Paris and Greater Paris. electricity for several years. “Communities that don’t wait for electricity to be renewed and are therefore not yet operational will face serious challenges,” he says. This manager has already removed almost all diesels from its fleet, except for the heavy truck and van categories, and started electrification in 2014. Note that the city of Paris manages a fleet of 2,605 vehicles, including 576 electric models. , and keep their cars for about seven years.
… the public sector should be compliant with electricity
At the head of 1,402 light vehicles, including 143 electric models, Guillaume Cerdan, fleet manager in the metropolis of Lyon (59 municipalities), started electrification in 2010 with the first Citroën C-Zero. For this manager, the compliance of vehicles, including vans, with the ZFE-m criteria is one of the main goals: “In 2026, only Crit’Air 0 and 1 vehicles should be able to drive. Currently, we still have 450 of our 1,400 vehicles to meet the requirements. Public parks still have a long way to go.