Parliament finally passed a bill on Thursday, November 17, paving the way for unemployment insurance to be modulated according to the economic situation, a prospect that has exhausted the left, the far right and the unions. Senators on Thursday afternoon approved the compromise reached with deputies on this text, which does not require the use of the constitutional weapon, thanks to the agreement concluded with the right of 49.3.
Labor Minister Olivier Dussopt’s bill initially plans to extend the existing unemployment insurance rules that resulted from controversial reforms during Macron’s first five-year term. A preliminary decree was issued in this regard at the end of October. It also allows certain unemployment insurance rules to be modularized by decree so that “Harder when there are many vacancies, more generous when unemployment is high”In line with Emmanuel Macron’s pre-election promise.
Social partners are being consulted and the government will provide information “retained arbitrations” November 21, 2023 for early modulation application. “We are working on the modulation of the maximum duration[ale] compensation », currently between twenty-four and thirty-six months, depending on age, Mr Dussopt told MPs on Tuesday. so “We do not plan to change the conditions of membership in the unemployment insurance system”.
Six months of work is required during a twenty-four month reference period to unlock rights. The executive believes there is urgency due to the difficulties companies are having in hiring, and is making this reform a cornerstone of its strategy to achieve full employment in 2027, an unemployment rate of around 5% against 7.4% currently.
“We didn’t fold”
Deputies and senators reached a compromise on the text in a joint committee last week, at the cost of the austerity imposed by senators Les Républicains (LR), which the minister initially opposed. It has been added that the refusal of a fixed-term contract (CDD) or a permanent contract (CDI) twice within one year after a temporary contract in the same position, at the same place and with the same salary, unemployment compensation. It is up to the employer (or both employers) to inform Pôle emploi. “technical difficulty” so not a “Gas Plant”Mr. Dussopt judged. “The government didn’t want it, but we didn’t bend”, welcomed the text rapporteur Frédérique Puissat (LR) in the Senate. His Assembly colleague Marc Ferracci (Renaissance) found the measure “Very operational and not legally fragile”and sees “Somewhat ideological approach, even if there is a real issue about the rejection of CDI”.
Another provision added by the amendments of the presidential majority and LR deputies is still under discussion: “Reject Mail” to limit access to unemployment insurance will now be equated to resignation. Right-wing elected officials “It has been a source of proposals in both the Assembly and the Senate.”MP LR Stéphane Viry, who believes in the bill, insists “exhaustion” reforms to be carried out.
The left criticizes in solidarity with the trade union “right-wing reform” whose purpose will be “Low Unemployment Benefit”. Before the final vote in the Assembly on Tuesday, which was won by 210 to 140 votes, the “rebels” argued in vain, according to them, for the final proposal to reject the text. “Employee one-stop view”. Socialists announced an appeal to the Constitutional Council. According to them, the MPs of the National Meeting (MN) also voted against the text “Punishment and guilt are on the agenda”. The draft law also includes the opening of consultations on the management of unemployment insurance and a “Drastic Simplification” According to Ministerial Representative Carole Grandjean, validation of experience gained (VAE).