We checked Emmanuel Macron’s answers to the questions of Internet users

Emmanuel Macron on the eve of the opening of COP27, the international summit on global warming A word on Twitter. “Do you have any questions about our environmental actions? Ask me. I will find time to answer you”, launched the President of the Republic. His first responses to these inquiries “more or less accurate and more or less sympathetic”posted online on Sunday, November 13 in a nearly twelve-minute video.

Franceinfo noted three inaccurate claims of the head of state.

One of the criticisms of the state for climate inaction is related to its five-year term

His comments. The President of the Republic responded to a question about the double condemnation of the French state for climate inaction in the Grande-Synthe and Affaire du siècle files. “We were convicted of climate inaction between 2015 and 2018” when “France is not on target”President Macron answered, considering the absence of this condemnation “not for [sa] apple” despite having served at the Elysée in the previous five-year term as Minister of Economy at the time.

Verification process. Emmanuel Macron is right that the sentence in the Case of the Century file is based on a period before his first five-year term. But the other conviction in the case of Grande-Synthe (North) is a bit more complicated. In 2015-2018, the State Council did not stop at instructing the government to make additional efforts in the fight against global warming. “It is incorrect to claim that this file belongs to the past.Corinne Lepage, lawyer in Grande-Synthe (and former 2002 presidential candidate). This is about the present and the future, about France’s ability to honor its commitments for 2030, which is not the case now.

In its first decision in November 2020, the institution cited the decree dated April 21, 2020. “Deferred until 2020, and especially after 2023, part of the efforts to reduce emissions will be made.” With this decree, the government decided to allow a little more pollution in the short term (-6%) during the period 2019-2023 and to pay for this delay in the later period (-12%). Error for State Council estimated in July 2021 “from the various elements transmitted (…) it appears that this 12% reduction cannot be the target.[it] if new measures are taken [n’étaient] not accepted in short order”. The deadline for taking new measures was set for March 31, 2022. Considering that nothing had been done, Corinne Lepc took over the Council of State again on April 1. This procedure, which will take several months, is still ongoing.

France’s greenhouse gas emissions are falling at an insufficient rate

His comments. Following his response to climate inaction, Emmanuel Macron is mounting arguments that France is on the cusp of cutting greenhouse gas emissions, the engine of global warming. “We’ve worked hard, the proof is there, it’s simple: over the last five years, from 2017 to 2022, we’ve reduced our emissions twice as fast as we did in the last five years. twice as fast”he congratulates himself before adding: “We achieved our target of reducing our emissions by 20% in 2020 in 2019, before the Covid-related shutdown”.

Verification process. On France’s trajectory, the latest report by the Supreme Council for Climate, an independent body created by the President of the Republic in 2018, is very clear: “France’s response to global warming is making progress but remains insufficient”. Regarding the acceleration of emission reductions proposed by Emmanuel Macron, the HCC notes that “The estimated rate of decline during the period 2019-2021 (-1.9% per year) is close to the rate observed during the decade 2010-2019 (-1.7% per year)”. France is currently within its carbon budget for 2019-2023, but “mainly due to the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic, as well as the increase in the emission limit of the second carbon budget during the revision of SNBC2”.

Above all, the Supreme Council reminds that France will have to revise its goals upwards. The European Union has adopted a more ambitious reduction target of -40% to -55% by 2030. Like all Member States, France will have to revise its objectives upwards. “This implies a doubling of the annual rate of emissions reduction to an average of -16 Mt CO2 eq (-4.7%) over the period 2022-2030, compared to an observed annual reduction of -8.1 Mt CO2 eq. should be done. (-1.7%)”HCC warns.

The Citizen’s Climate Convention measures have largely been watered down

His comments. Featured questions include blogger Bon Pote asking Emmanuel Macron when he counts “respect [sa] output” and “Implement the actions proposed at the Citizens’ Climate Convention”. “We said yes to 146 proposals [sur 150] and on we go”Emmanuel Macron responded, citing several measures such as a ban on some domestic flights or a moratorium on the creation of commercial zones on the outskirts of cities.

Verification process. At first, he promised to introduce the President of the Republic “no filter” Proposals submitted by the Convention to Parliament or to a referendum. Upon arrival, 150 citizens, drawn by lot, judged the government’s recovery very harshly: 2.5 out of 10. Analyzing the law of Climate and Stability, the main vector of this work, franceinfo was carried out without any changes from 46 measurements with 22% repeats. The rest were cut or watered down by reducing the perimeter or extending the terms.

The ban on some domestic flights cited by Emmanuel Macron is a good example of this observation. The participants of the convention proposed to ban journeys that can be done by train in less than four hours, the cursor was reduced by the government to 2 hours 30. This “Applies to eight routes that account for only 10% of metropolitan passenger traffic in 2019”, noted the High Council for Climate. In September 2022, the Reporterre website noted that this ban has not yet come into force, it has been blocked at the European level.

The moratorium on commercial zones mentioned by the President of the Republic is a shortened version of the measure proposed by the Convention of Citizens.“prohibit any artificialization of land as long as commercial, craft or industrial rehabilitation or vacant lots within the existing urban envelope is possible”. As Actu-Environnement explains, logistics warehouses and sites with an area of ​​less than 10,000 m² do not apply. “80% of commercial surface projects are below, the average commercial surface is 2000 m²”criticized the Climate Action Network at the time.

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