What is good migration policy? What are the issues? Guillaume Erner accepts to answer these questions Didier Leshychief officer, director general of the French Immigration and Integration Office, Lucas Puygrenier, Researcher at Science-po, expert on the link between migration and business and Camille le CozAnalyst of the Migration Policy Institute, expert on European migration policy.
France: what are the main lines of the immigration bill?
Didier Leshy notes that part of the new law “French requirements“WHO”they are very strong. It is a matter of aligning ourselves with what other European countries are doing, that is, asking the newcomers to have a sufficient level to continue the integration process.“Another part of the discussion concerns the concept of ‘job shortages’, the Director General of the Directorate General for Immigration and Integration explains that this will be done a priori.”discussions with social partners“.
for Lucas PuygrenierIn this bill, which appears to be newpriority given to labor matters. What is interesting is the growing demand for workers by employers’ organizations in certain economic sectors and, therefore, the return of the labor issue in France’s migration policy.“. To the question “Short-term occupations”, “It appears that this applies to non-transferable trades“In particular, explains the researcher of the International Research Center for Poe Sciences (CERI)”catering, construction and personal care“.
According to Didier Leshy, “Our challenge is the integration of people with low qualifications because they come from extremely unstructured countries, for some of them they can neither read nor write their own language.“. In turn, Lucas Puygrenier insists that the proposed policy”repressive, even authoritarian against illegal immigration, all this is more talk about deportation. On the other hand, the pro-integrationist discourse: people should integrate more, speak more French“.
Disagreement on settlement in incoming countries
Director General of the Directorate General of Immigration and Integration explains “understand that part of the population is worried, wondering how to deal with this chaos. It’s not completely illegal, especially since we know these are popular categories“.
Lucas Puygreniermeanwhile reminds that “The real problem is knowing why we want foreign labor, especially for these sectors, there is tension, and at the same time we will be prohibiting people from starting a family, settling down, finally integrating. , to use the catchphrase of some in government”.
In this direction, Camille LeCoz emphasizes that France and the European Unioncentrist position“, they want”advocate a “balanced” migration policy, both closed and open, when in fact the shift has actually been to the right to limit arrivals.“.
Do you consider the perspective of countries of origin?
For the Migration Policy Analyst, “another important dimension is the perspective of countries of origin. European governments have been talking about migration partnerships with countries of origin for years. These are issues that concern these states as well. When we think about migration policies at the European level, we need to think about what is happening on the other side and reflect this in economic and social development.
In addition, countries “exporting their labor“Explain Lucas Puygrenier “with a very active government policy to encourage workers to go elsewhere, especially to Europe, the Gulf countries.